Ornithology is the scientific term for bird-watching and researching. Researching birds, their bio-learning, habitat and evolution, and numerous other aspects have been a long tradition in this field. There is no degree for studying birds specifically and most of them participate in bird research through Bachelor of Science courses.
Ornithology And Why It Is Important To Study It?
Most research-based work requires at least a master’s level qualification and a Ph.D. as professionalism increases. The higher the education the more the chances of being in the core of research as an ornithologist.
Many people have a hobby of bird-watching, especially tracking migration and observing seasonal population changes. Bird-watching, for example, is an avid pastime in the UK, where many in the amateur community perform important tasks in scientific research into bird conservation charities and rely on sharp “twitchers”.
Humans have been fascinated by the birds that have lived in the area since ancient times. The cave maps and ruins all show observations and human interest in domestic birds. Evidence that early humans ingested birds and bird proteins dates back to the Stone Age.
Not only is it a food source that continues to provide even today, but it is also a fascinating field of scientific research. New technology allows us to tie and track birds for thousands of miles, remotely observe nest behavior, and monitor environmental and habitat problems. The participation of scientists and non-scientists is often unrealistically different from many scientific disciplines, with anyone who has access to the outside world potentially all birds in the neighborhood. You can observe the birds directly.
Significance of Bird Watching -What can we learn from birds?
Bird-watching refers primarily to the natural sciences, which focus on the study of birds, ecology, evolution, physiology, and favorable habitats. The study of birds covers a wide range of topics, including evolution, species definition, behavior, and speciation processes, ecological niches, biodiversity conservation, instinct, and systematic geography of islands. We gain perspective when we study ornithology as well as become more familiar with the behavior of birds by studying their biology.
Bird Study – Bird studies are an important part of the field of zoology aimed at helping us gain new insights and develop our understanding of the field of ornithology. It is not uncommon for migratory birds to travel long distances to find food, shelter, warmth, and search conditions.
Mating Behaviour of the birds – There are many species of birds that only mate for one season, but there are also birds that mate multiple times during one season.
Variation in vocal Calls or Songs – Few types of birds generate any types of vocal calls or songs. The birds make use of these vocal calls and songs variety of purposes, such as:
- Warns of predators.
- Appealing its companion.
- Establishment of Territory.
- Corrects the unreasonable movement.
- Identifies descendants.
- Performance and species identification.
- Some species practice for the perfection of the song.
- Some birds sing songs to imitate.
According to records and research, there are two major groups of birds: Archaeornithes, which have since become extinct. Their heads were equipped with teeth, and their tails were similar to lizards. Archaeopteryx, for instance
Among the Neornithes bird group are both extinct and living birds. Their tails are short and they don’t have teeth. Penguins, herons, kingfishers, ducks, etc. are just some examples. This was an introduction to ornithology. Research in this field can be divided into three main groups based on its mode of study:
- Field-based research,
- Laboratory-based research.
Types of Ornithological Research
Ornithology is a vast field as the variety of birds keeps on increasing. But, almost all features of its research can be clustered into one of three fields: The collection refers to a more traditional biological approach to bird research, by collecting all living and dead specimens. Specimens are analyzed in terms of body systems, anatomy, physiology, and even DNA.
In field-based research, scientists work in the field, recording population numbers, recording new songs, and sometimes (permanently or temporarily) alive for more direct observation. Includes collecting specimens that are present.
Field-based ornithologists also make indirect observations, including studying nest locations, nest materials, or resources available to birds living in specific locations. It is not a direct observation of birds, but an observation of the conditions and environment in which new people live or interact.
The laboratory-based studies are carried out by analyzing field-based findings and analysis of live birds in studies on animal intelligence, bird-to-bird communication, and human-to-bird interactions. It is not uncommon for ornithologists to collaborate in multiple bird disciplines in a single research project.
Field-based ornithologists can also study rarely spotted species in their indigenous habitats. In conclusion, ornithology is an important field of study and needs diligent attention. All researchers work hard to explore the knowledge bank about the daily lives of different species of birds available across the globe.